& Kazakhstan

Germany and Kazakhstan share many common links: Among the EU member states, Germany plays a key role for Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is Germany's biggest trade partner in Central Asia.

Trade partner
Kazakh exports are mainly oil, iron and steel products and chemical products. German exports mainly include machinery, electrical equipment, chemical products, cars, car parts and pharmaceutical products.
Common roots
There is a special "bridge" between the two countries formed by the Germans who have emigrated from Kazakhstan to Germany (about 800,000 "Kazakhstan Germans") and the German minority that still lives in Kazakhstan (about 180,000 people).
Cultural exchange
The promotion of German as a foreign language and the cultural support of the German minority have meant that Kazakhstan receives particular attention in German cultural and education policy abroad.


The Federal Republic of Germany is located in Central Europe and was founded on 23 May 1949. On 3 October 1990, West Germany was reunited with the eastern part of the country, from which it had been separated since the end of the Second World War.

  • Capital: Berlin
  • Government type: parliamentary democracy
  • Area: approximately 357,000 square kilometres
  • Population: about 81.8 million people, including about 800,000 Kazakhstan Germans.
  • With a gross domestic product of around three trillion euros in 2015, Germany has one of the world's strongest economies.
    The Federal Republic is a pioneer in the development of renewable energy and an international frontrunner in climate protection.

    16 states, 16 attractive destinations

    Germany is one of the top holiday destinations in the world, boasting scenic and diverse landscapes all the way from the North Sea and Baltic coasts in the north right down to the Alps in the south.

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    Baden-Württemberg: gourmet delights in southern Germany

    Walking in the Black Forest, exploring Lake Constance, relaxing in Baden-Baden and soaking up the history in Heidelberg. There are plenty of good reasons to travel to Baden-Württemberg — the state with the most star-rated restaurants and the most hours of sunshine. Welcome to south-west Germany!

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    Bavaria: Germany's no. 1 holiday region

    Inspiration and a lust for life. Blue skies and crystal-clear lakes. Small medieval towns and vibrant cities. Bavarian traditions and warm hospitality. Mystical forests and snow-capped mountains. Outdoor activities and relaxation. UNESCO World Heritage and a wealth of cultural attractions.

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    Berlin: the city of possibility

    Berlin, the German capital, is renowned for its exceptional variety of attractions, its flourishing cultural scene and a way of life that is both fast-paced and relaxed.

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    Nature, culture and water: holidays in Brandenburg

    You don't need to go far to get away: All roads to Berlin lead through the holiday paradise of Brandenburg. This region encircling Germany's capital offers natural beauty, culture and the scenic lakelands. Breathe it in, get active and enjoy the great outdoors on your Brandenburg holiday.

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    Bremen and Bremerhaven: two cities — one region

    The sister cities of Bremen and Bremerhaven delight visitors with their remarkable worlds of discovery, unusual maritime and historical attractions and sensational art and culture.

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    Hamburg: Europe's green city on the Alster and Elbe

    A distinct maritime character and international outlook make the Hanseatic city of Hamburg one of Europe's finest destinations. Urban sparkle and natural beauty are the hallmarks of Hamburg, which boasts a wide range of hotels, restaurants, theatres and shops, chic beaches along the Elbe river, the verdant banks of the Alster, a buzzing port district and landmarks reflecting more than 1200 years of history.

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    Hessen. Discover a region of contrasts.

    The region of Hessen in the heart of Germany offers a whole host of holiday options. There is something for everyone — from culture, walking, cycling and wellness to family holidays, city breaks and outdoor adventures. Hessen is also easy to get to. Your holiday in the region can start straight away if you arrive at Frankfurt Airport.

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    Germany's 'must-sea' destination: Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

    A whole 1900 kilometres of coastline lined with Baltic seaside resorts and sandy white beaches, UNESCO World Heritage towns and magnificent natural scenery. Just an hour's drive from the Baltic Sea is the start of the largest unbroken region of rivers and lakes in central Europe. The small towns and villages nestled between the Ice Age hills and riverscapes are home to around 2000 palaces, parks and stately homes, including northern Germany's answer to Neuschwanstein Castle.

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    Lower Saxony: Holidays from the Harz hills to the North Sea coast for experiences, discovery and relaxation

    The federal state of Lower Saxony, a region full of contrasting landscapes and attractive towns and cities, lies between the Ems and Elbe rivers. Lower Saxony is Germany's only federal state with both a coastline and mountains. In the region's north, the ebb and flow of the tides has produced the UNESCO World Heritage Wadden Sea.

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    North Rhine-Westphalia: a year-round destination

    Ludwig van Beethoven, Heinrich Heine and Joseph Beuys — Germany's most populous federal state has produced many influential artists and is one of the biggest cultural regions in Europe. Its numerous museums, theatres, orchestras and concert halls, plus its musicals and events, attract millions of visitors every year. Other cultural highlights include the five UNESCO World Heritage sites: Cologne Cathedral, Aachen Cathedral, Augustusburg Palace and Falkenlust Palace in Brühl, the Zollverein coal mine in Essen and Corvey Palace. Cologne's signature landmark is the most-visited attraction in Germany.

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    Rhineland-Palatinate: where the holiday is just part of the scenery

    Romantic castles, friendly locals and exquisite wines — enjoy all this and much more in Rhineland-Palatinate. The Ahr, Eifel, Hunsrück, Naheland, Moselle-Saar, Palatinate, Rheinhessen, Romantic Rhine and Westerwald regions with their vineyard slopes, dormant volcanoes and vibrant towns are as diverse and welcoming as the people who live in them!

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    Saarland — small in size, big in appeal

    Cycling tours in the Saarland are all about variety and the all-round cycling experience — from family-friendly routes along river valleys and cross-border tours into France and Luxembourg to challenging climbs in the Hunsrück hills. The Saar River Cycle Route is the first international long-distance route to be awarded four stars by the German Cyclists' Federation (ADFC).

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    Discover art, culture and natural scenery in Saxony — the region of world-class culture

    A holiday in Saxony is a holiday amidst 1000 years of history and heritage, with cultural breaks offering a chance to explore the legacies of famous composers, architects and artists. Saxony's holiday regions are ideal for combining city breaks with activity-based, family and wellness holidays — both in summer and in winter.

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    Saxony-Anhalt: for active holidays and a rendezvous with history and nature

    Saxony-Anhalt is a heartland of German history and attracts culturally minded holidaymakers with its sights of international standing. There is also plenty on offer for visitors with energy to burn and no shortage of stunning landscapes, which is why the region's motto is "Enjoy nature — breathe freely in Saxony-Anhalt".

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    Schleswig-Holstein: holidays in the real North

    Schleswig-Holstein is defined by the North Sea and the Baltic, with the rhythm of life determined by wind and waves and the ebb and flow of the tides. An ideal holiday destination for families, water sports enthusiasts and nature lovers.

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    Thuringia: a holiday region with timeless appeal

    A wide variety of landscapes, a remarkable number of castles and palaces, extraordinary architectural and cultural diversity and a great range of leisure activities — that is the holiday region of Thuringia. Goethe summed up Thuringia's merits in his inimitable style: "Where else in Germany can you find so many wonderful things in such close proximity?"

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    The Republic of Kazakhstan is located in Central Asia and declared its independence after the collapse of the Soviet Union on 16 December 1991.

  • Capital: Astana (since 1997)
  • Government type: Presidential system
  • Area: 2.7 million square kilometres, making Kazakhstan the ninth largest country in the world and the largest landlocked country in the world
  • Population: 17.7 million people, including about 180,000 citizens of the German minority
  • Official languages: Kazakh and Russian
  • Kazakhstan is rich in raw materials and, with a gross domestic product of around 195 billion US dollars in 2015, is considered a transition economy. The Kazakhstan 2050 Strategy announced by President Nursultan Nazarbayev includes a focus on the development of renewable energies and the aim to become one of the world's top 30 developed states.


    The Kazakh capital Astana is located in the north-east of the country on the River Ishim and has approximately 853,000 inhabitants (as at 2014, source: Federal Foreign Office). This makes Astana the second largest city in the country after Almaty.

    Short history

    Astana was established in 1830 as a Russian fortress, Akmolinsk, and subsequently renamed several times. The city has had its present name Astana

    ("capital city" in English) since 1998, after it was declared the capital of Kazakhstan at the end of 1997. Since then Astana has experienced steady economic growth with a high level of construction activity and a continuous increase in the population.

    Astana's landmark is the 105 metre high Bayterek Tower, situated in the middle of Nurzhol Boulevard in the business and administrative centre. The EXPO site is also close to the administrative centre, which covers an area of approximately 173 hectares. The exhibition area is 25 hectares.